ROR体育app is an outgrowth of a school opened in Baltimore, 马里兰, by an organization dedicated to offering educational opportunities that the state failed to provide for its black citizens.
From those humble beginnings, Bowie State has become a comprehensive university, offering 27 undergraduate majors, 18 硕士学位项目， 15 专业证书及 两个 博士课程 in a broad range of disciplines. ROR体育app continues to build on its legacy of providing access to a high-quality education.
The Baltimore Association for the Moral and Educational Improvement of the Colored People was organized in 1864 by 46 men, 由商人组成, 律师, 牧师和贵格会教徒, committed to opening schools to educate the state’s newly emancipated citizens. One of those men was Joseph M. Cushing, an outspoken champion for the education of the black population.
As chairman of the Educational Committee for 马里兰’s Constitutional Convention in 1864, Cushing chastised the committee’s refusal to fund schools for black people: “There will come a time when this state will be forced by public opinion to provide means for educating our colored population.” The association opened its first Baltimore school, 学校# 1, 1月9日, 1865, in the African Baptist Church in Crane’s Building on the corner of Calvert and Saratoga streets. The school offered courses in the elements of education. Courses to train teachers were added in 1866.
The facility was woefully inadequate. In 1867, with the aid of the Freedmen’s Bureau, the Quakers of England and others, the Baltimore Association purchased and renovated the Old 朋友 Meeting House at the corner of Saratoga and Courtland streets to house the Baltimore Normal School for Colored Teachers.
After repeated petitions from the Baltimore Normal School trustees, the state legislature authorized the Board of Education to assume control of the school in 1908 and re-designated it as Normal School No. 3, finally fulfilling the dream of Cushing and the Baltimore Association. By 1910, the state decided to relocate the school to Bowie, 马里兰, purchasing a 187-acre tract formerly known as Jericho Farm dating to 1716. The school opened at the new location in 1911 with about 60 students and Don Speed Smith Goodloe as the first black man to head the school as principal. In 1914, its name changed to the 马里兰 Normal and Industrial School at Bowie.
Under President Leonidas James, the school began a 两个-year professional curriculum in teacher education in 1925, which expanded to a three-year program in 1931. A four-year program to train elementary school teachers was introduced in 1935, and the school was renamed the 马里兰 Teachers College at Bowie in 1938.
Teacher education continued to expand under the 25-year tenure of President William Henry. The institution established programs to train teachers for junior high school (1951) and secondary education (1961) and advanced toward becoming a liberal arts college.
Transition to a State Liberal Arts College
The 马里兰 State Legislature authorized the college to become Bowie State College in 1963, following the establishment of a liberal arts program. 英语新专业, history and general social science were added, expanding offerings beyond teacher education.
在塞缪尔·迈尔斯总统领导下, the college established its first graduate degree program, offering the Master of Education in 1969. The first director of the graduate division was Dr. J. 亚历山大·怀斯曼, a graduate of the 马里兰 Teachers College at Bowie and the first African-American to earn a doctoral degree from the University of 马里兰, 学院公园.
Emergence as a Comprehensive University
In 1988, Bowie State College became ROR体育app under President James Lyons, reflecting significant growth in academic programs, enrollment and community service. 同一天, the university also became one of the member institutions of the newly formed University System of 马里兰.
ROR体育app gained recognition as a leader in the education of science, 技术, engineering and mathematics (STEM) disciplines. In 1995, ROR体育app赢得了11年的冠军, $27 million award from the National Aeronautics and Space 政府/National Science Foundation, becoming one of only six national Model Institutions for Excellence in STEM.
ROR体育app ranks among the nation’s top comprehensive universities, cultivating next-generation leaders by providing opportunities for students to discover their strengths through focused academic experiences and opportunities to tackle real-world problems.
现在比以往任何时候, ROR体育app is committed to preparing students for success in a highly technological, 全球化的社会.